Articles | Volume 4, issue 2
Research article
 | Highlight paper
11 Jun 2021
Research article | Highlight paper |  | 11 Jun 2021

Fracking bad language – hydraulic fracturing and earthquake risks

Jennifer J. Roberts, Clare E. Bond, and Zoe K. Shipton

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Cited articles

Adgate, J. L., Goldstein, B. D., and McKenzie, L. M.: Potential Public Health Hazards, Exposures and Health Effects from Unconventional Natural Gas Development, Environ. Sci. Technol., 48, 8307–8320,, 2014. 
AEA: Climate impact of potential shale gas production in the EU: Final Report, Report for the European Commission DG CLIMA, Didcot, Oxfordshire, UK, 2012. 
Alcalde, J., Bond, C. E., and Randle, C. H.: Framing bias: The effect of figure presentation on seismic interpretation, Interpretation, 5, T591–T605,, 2017. 
Alcalde, J., Bond, C. E., Johnson, G., Kloppenburg, A., Ferrer, O., Bell, R., and Ayarza, P.: Fault interpretation in seismic reflection data: an experiment analysing the impact of conceptual model anchoring and vertical exaggeration, Solid Earth, 10, 1651–1662,, 2019. 
Alessi, R. J. and Kuhn, J. D.: British government lifts year-old fracking moratorium, Energy alert, available at: (last access: November 2019), 2012. 
Short summary
The potential for hydraulic fracturing (fracking) to induce seismicity is a topic of widespread interest. We find that terms used to describe induced seismicity are poorly defined and ambiguous and do not translate into everyday language. Such bad language has led to challenges in understanding, perceiving, and communicating risks around seismicity and fracking. Our findings and recommendations are relevant to other geoenergy topics that are potentially associated with induced seismicity.
Final-revised paper