Articles | Volume 4, issue 2
Geosci. Commun., 4, 209–231, 2021
Geosci. Commun., 4, 209–231, 2021

Research article 13 Apr 2021

Research article | 13 Apr 2021

Introducing electronic circuits and hydrological models to postsecondary physical geography and environmental science students: systems science, circuit theory, construction, and calibration

Nicholas J. Kinar

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Cited articles

Andrade, A. D.: Printed circuit laboratory manual, Sandia Corporation, Livermore Laboratory, Livermore, California, available at: (last access: 5 April 2021), 1965. 
Ballou, J.: Open-Ended Question, in Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods, SAGE Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks, California, USA, 562–549,, 2008. 
Berghuijs, W. R., Sivapalan, M., Woods, R. A., and Savenije, H. H. G.: Patterns of similarity of seasonal water balances: A window into streamflow variability over a range of time scales, Water Resour. Res., 50, 5638–5661,, 2014. 
Borgesius, F. Z., Gray, J., and van Eechoud, M.: Open Data, Privacy, and Fair Information Principles: Towards a Balancing Framework, Berkeley Technology Law Journal, 30, 2073–2131, 2015. 
Bowlick, F. J., Goldberg, D. W., and Bednarz, S. W.: Computer Science and Programming Courses in Geography Departments in the United States, The Professional Geographer, 69, 138–150,, 2017. 
Short summary
Postsecondary advanced hydrology students often work with electronic sensing systems at field sites but are rarely given the opportunity to build and test electronic circuits used for collection of environmental data. Students constructed custom-designed circuits for water detection and environmental measurement. The circuits taught students about systems theory and hydrological models. This activity motivated learning and showed how circuits are used to collect data for model application.
Final-revised paper