Articles | Volume 5, issue 1
Research article
01 Mar 2022
Research article |  | 01 Mar 2022

Virtual strike and dip – advancing inclusive and accessible field geology

Natalie Bursztyn, Pejman Sajjadi, Hannah Riegel, Jiawei Huang, Jan Oliver Wallgrün, Jiayan Zhao, Bart Masters, and Alexander Klippel

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A. Klippel, P. Sajjadi, J. Zhao, J. O. Wallgrün, J. Huang, and M. M. Bagher
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J. O. Wallgrün, J. Huang, J. Zhao, A. Masrur, D. Oprean, and A. Klippel
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-2-W8, 263–270,,, 2017

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Subject: Geoscience education | Keyword: Public communication of science
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Cited articles

Alles, M. and Riggs, E. M.: Developing a process model for visual penetrative ability, in: Qualitative Inquiry in Geoscience Education Research, edited by: Feig, A. D. and Stokes, A., 756 Geological Society of America Special Paper 474, p. 63–80,, 2011. 
Almquist, H., Stanley, G., Blank, L., Hendrix, M., Rosenblatt, M., Hanfling, S., and Crews, J.: An Integrated Field-Based Approach to Building Teachers' Geoscience Skills, Journal of Geoscience Education, 59, 31–40, 2018. 
Andrews, G. D., Labishak, G., Brown, S., Isom, S. L., Pettus, H. D., and Byers, T.: Teaching with Digital 3D Models of Minerals and Rocks, GSA Today, 30, 42–43, 2020. 
Atit, K., Uttal, D. H., and Stieff, M.: Situating space: using a discipline-focused lens to examine spatial thinking skills, Cognitive research: principles and implications, 5, 19,, 2020. 
Bagher, M. M., Sajjadi, P., Wallgrün, J. O., La Femina, P. C., and Klippel, A.: Move The Object or Move The User: The Role of Interaction Techniques on Embodied Learning in VR, Front. Virtual Real., 2, 695312,, 2021. 
Short summary
Strike and Dip (SaD) is a desktop virtual reality environment to teach strike and dip measurement and the compilation of geologic maps. SaD replicates real-world field mapping using virtual 3D outcrop models and a geologic compass that the user manipulates to take measurements. SaD was implemented in an introductory geology course, and students were surveyed about their experience with it. We found that the experience was generally positive. SaD is a viable resource for accessible field trips.
Final-revised paper