Articles | Volume 3, issue 2
Research article
11 Sep 2020
Research article |  | 11 Sep 2020

Earth system music: music generated from the United Kingdom Earth System Model (UKESM1)

Lee de Mora, Alistair A. Sellar, Andrew Yool, Julien Palmieri, Robin S. Smith, Till Kuhlbrodt, Robert J. Parker, Jeremy Walton, Jeremy C. Blackford, and Colin G. Jones

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Cited articles

Borromeo, L., Round, K., and Perera, J.: Climate Symphony, available at: (last access: 17 August 2020), 2016. a, b
Caldeira, K. and Wickett, M. E.: Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH, Nature, 425, 365–365,, 2003. a
Clendinning, J. P. and Marvin, E. W.: The Musician's Guide To Theory And Analysis, W. W. Norton & Company, 3rd Edn., 2016. a
Coltrane, J.: Giant Steps (album), Atlantic Records, Published February 1960. a
Corey, M.: MIDITime python library for MIDI, available at: (last access: 17 August 2020), 2016. a
Short summary
We use time series data from the first United Kingdom Earth System Model (UKESM1) to create six procedurally generated musical pieces for piano. Each of the six pieces help to explain either a scientific principle or a practical aspect of Earth system modelling. We describe the methods that were used to create these pieces, discuss the limitations of this pilot study and list several approaches to extend and expand upon this work.
Final-revised paper